Eating for the season: Invite Fall to your kitchen table

 

Thank you to our intro to solids/raising a healthy eater and cooking class nutrition teacher Virginia Watkins for sharing with us her insights for the season:

While the change of seasons in Northern California tends to be subtle when it comes to weather, the new foods each season brings are distinctive and exciting.  This month, say good-bye to summer tomatoes, corn, and berries and hello to local apples, winter squash, and brussel sprouts.

Not only are these new foods a nice change on the palate, they also offer different and beneficial nutritional profiles.  Even if your child loves blueberries, for example, make a point to learn about which fruits are in season now, and introduce those to her. Be sure you prepare some for yourself, too, so that you can converse about these new smells, textures, and flavors.

I recommend using Cuesa’s seasonal produce charts as a guide (link http://www.cuesa.org/eat-seasonally/charts/vegetables). Also, plan a visit to your local farmer’s market to get inspired to try something seasonal and maybe new to you, too!

 

The squash in this soup is sweet soothing and a great source of beta-carotene. Combined with rich broth, coconut milk, and spices, you’re giving yourself a great-tasting immune boost. Ginger is a warming herb and digestive aid. The coconut milk is a healthy source of fat that contains anti-microbial properties – think flu fighter.

Butternut Squash Soup

The squash in this soup is sweet soothing and a great source of beta-carotene. Combined with rich broth, coconut milk, and spices, you’re giving yourself a great-tasting immune boost. Ginger is a warming herb and digestive aid. The coconut milk is a healthy source of fat that contains anti-microbial properties – think flu fighter.

 

2-3lbs, about 4 cups butternut squash, or other winter squash such as kabocha or acorn

1 medium yellow onion

2 Tbs extra virgin olive oil

1 tsp coriander

1 tsp dried ginger

Sea salt

2 cups homemade chicken stock, or more for a thinner soup

3Ž4 cup coconut milk

1 lime (optional, citrus can be introduced at 8 months)

 

Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Place whole squash in oven and cook 25 minutes or until soft. Be sure to check at the narrower, neck end of the squash. (This can be done a day in advance.) Let squash cool, peel, cut in half, and scoop out seeds. Roughly chop.

 

Peel onion and finely chop.

 

Heat olive oil over medium heat in a large saucepan and add onion. Season with 1Ž2 tsp sea salt and saute until golden. Add cooked and chopped squash, coriander, and ginger, and sauté a minute longer.

 

Add chicken stock, coconut milk, and another 1Ž2 tsp sea salt, and bring to a simmer.

 

Using a hand-held blender, puree contents of pot until smooth. Alternatively, add contents of pot in a few batches to a stand-up blender and blend until smooth. (This is a fun time to involve toddlers who love to push the button and hear the motor run.)

 

Ladle into bowls and serve with a wedge of lime. Alternatively, add the juice of a lime to the pot while blending.

 

Serving suggestions

v Omit coriander, ginger, coconut milk and lime. Replace with 1 tsp dried thyme, 3Ž4 cup cream, and 1Ž2 tsp nutmeg.

v For a sweeter soup, add one apple, peeled, cored, and sliced in quarters. Cook covered in the oven with the squash until soft. Add to pan at the same time as the squash.

 

 

Virginia Watkins completed her post-graduate studies in Nutrition Education at Bauman College in Berkeley, CA. While an undergraduate at Duke University, she studied French cooking in Montpellier, France, continuing an early fascination with food. In 1996, she began working at the American Institute of Wine & Food in San Francisco; Virginia helped create and manage projects ranging from ingredient tastings to a children’s garden project. Subsequently, she spent seven years working for Niman Ranch, the leading brand in the sustainable meat industry. As a National Retail Sales manager, she worked closely with customers such as Trader Joe’s and Whole Foods. She is also the mother of a two well-fed boys, ages six and nine.

In addition to working with individuals and families to improve nutrition and health, Virginia has spoken to hundreds of people in community talks, leads a recurring 6-week cleanse, and teaches cooking classes to adults and preschoolers.

Please contact her at virginia@vwnutrition.com or 415 385 6538 if you are interested in improving your own or your family’s nutrition.

When do Babies Start Having Nightmares?

Children Nightmares and Night Terrors                                                                                                                      

What to do if your little one is waking during the night from a bad dream and refuses to go back to sleep? Or what if your little one refuses to go to sleep at bedtime due to a several nights in a row of bad dreams? And what if your child has been inconsolable a upon waking at night but you aren’t sure if your child is waking due to a nightmare or a night terror? These are common questions parents have when responding to their little one’s nighttime sleep needs.

Nightmares

All children have nightmares at some point and as long as children are dreaming they may also have nightmares. Interestingly, even infants dream and according to one landmark study (Roffwarg et. al., 2006) newborns dream more than at any other time in a young person’s life. Nightmares are bad dreams and can happen at any point in a toddler or child’s life especially so if a child has just had a traumatic event or situation. Several different studies have shown that children may have nightmares following surgery, tooth extraction, and motor vehicle accidents. Nightmares can also begin during periods of developmental change such as the period between 18-21 months and again right before a child’s third birthday and fourth birthday. These are periods of individuation, when a child may become more sensitive or emotional as they become more independent.

 

Nightmares occur during REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep cycles and typically occur in the final stages of sleep, later in the night. This makes nightmares different from night terrors, which typically occur in the first few hours of sleep (see below).

 

Nightmares are thought to be most common between the ages of 3 and 5 years old but can begin as early as the first year of life. They can be an important way that young children express their fears, anxieties, feelings, and their day-to-day experiences and are typically not a sign of emotional or psychological problems. Some children may become so fearful that they may protest going to sleep or sleeping in their beds at night.

 

What to do to help your child:

  • Comfort and reassure your child
  • Write a sleep book with your child and read at bedtime (e-mail me info@angeliquemillette.com if you would like a handout for writing a sleep book)
  • Leave the lights on and the door open
  • Use a night light in your child’s room
  • Be sure to avoid talking about scary thing before bedtime
  • Be sure your child doesn’t see or hear scary movies or tv programs
  • Try to keep stress to a minimum
  • Walk your child back to their bed and provide comfort in their bed/room
  • Make sure your child is getting enough sleep, stick to the same bedtime.
  • During the bedtime routine, red or tell a happy “settling” story that helps your child become calm
  • Don’t use monster spray or pretend to get rid of the monsters in your child’s room
  • Play in your child’s room during the day
  • Provide your child with a snuggly item or several snuggly items
  • Spend one-on-one time with your child during the day and at bedtime

When to call your child’s doctor:

  • The nightmares become worse or happen more often.
  • Your child’s fears begin to interfere with day to day activities.

Night Terrors

Night terrors, also called “confusional arousals,” commonly begin around ages 2-4 years old. They are considered normal until age 6 and are seen in approximately 3% of children. There is often a family history of confusional arousals and night terrors and they are most common in boys. They are often triggered by sleep deprivation or by a sudden change in the child’s schedule in the days preceding such as vacations, end of school year, and visiting relatives and do not have a psychological basis. They can also be triggered by fever and illness, and research shows they may be triggered by allergies. They are very different from nightmares in that during a night terror, a child is not dreaming and typically will have no memory of the event afterwards. Once it is over, the child will usually go back to sleep without much problem. Night terrors occur in the transition period between deep non-REM sleep and a lighter sleep stage, whereby the child becomes stuck and is unable to completely emerge from slow wave sleep. Night terrors typically occur within two hours of going to sleep.

 

Although night terrors are harmless for children they can be very upsetting for parents who may be concerned that their child may hurt themselves. Your child may jolt awake, thrash his body, scream, or moan but he will be unable to answer you or hear you. Your child’s eyes may be open or closed, and your child may look confused and may not recognize you. The duration of a night terror may be 1-30 min, with an average time of 5-10 min. During the night terror, you can prevent your child from injury but do not try to wake him. Make soothing comments and hold your child but do not shake or shout at your child to attempt to wake them up. The night terror will pass and he will fall right back to sleep.

What to do to help your child:

  • Stay close to your child and do not wake him up
  • Reduce stress in your child’s life
  • If traveling, stick to your child’s schedule and bedtime
  • Prepare other caregivers (i.e. babysitters, grandparents) for these episodes
  • Try a “scheduled awakening”: for several nights, observe how many minutes it is from the time your child falls asleep until the start of the night terror. Wake your child for a full 5 minutes, 15 minutes before the expected time of the night terror. Do this for seven nights in a row to fade night terrors. If the night terrors return, you can repeat the scheduled awakening as needed.

When to call your child’s doctor:

  • Terrors lasting longer than 30 min
  • Your child has stiffening, jerking, or drooling
  • Terrors are happening during the second half of the night
  • Terrors happen after seven nights and continue
  • If family stress may be a factor

Copyright © 2012, Angelique Millette, All Rights Reserved. This document includes content materials protected by copyright, trademark, or other intellectual property rights that are the property of Angelique Millette

Courtesy of Angelique Millette

POSTNATAL: How to get your pelvic floor “back” with Annemarie Everett Lepe, PT, DPT

ASK the EXPERT  – Annemarie Everett Lepe; Specializing in Pelvic awareness

POSTNATAL: Perineal strengthening and revitalizing 

With a Little Help From My Friends

You may have been given vaginal weights at your baby shower, or stared at the wall

of Good Vibrations in bewilderment. Maybe you’ve never heard of any of these

devices! Regardless, many women will want to use devices or aids to help them

improve pelvic floor muscle strength and control after birth. I recommend

beginning the use of any strengthening aids no earlier than 6 weeks postpartum, in

order to give your body a chance to heal and change after birth. Do NOT use devices

if you are having pelvic pain or pain with intercourse/speculum exams – please

consult your doctor, midwife or pelvic physical therapist.

LELO_Femme-Homme_LUNA-BEADS_packaging_1Vaginal weights (Ben Wa balls, etc):

These tools are inserted vaginally and worn while performing daily tasks to cue a

“lift” of the pelvic floor muscles. If the weight is too light, you will forget that you

have it in – but if your muscles are not strong enough, you will feel the weight pop

out! The appropriate level can be worn for 30-40min at a time. Motions like squats,

lunges, stairs, and lifting will add extra challenge. Each set of weights is different in

shape, size and weight levels, but one of our favorites is Lelo LUNA Beads

 

kGoal:  Like a “fitbit” but for your Pelvic floor : ) 

kGoal_with_packaging_7260_grandeThis high-tech tool gives you feedback about the power, endurance and consistency

of your pelvic floor contractions. If you’ve ever wondered whether you’re doing

your Kegels correctly, this tool can help! Via a Bluetooth connection to an iPhone,

iPad or Android app, you can see visual representation of your squeeze pressure,

endurance and control. The kGoal has the option of vibration with each pelvic floor

muscle squeeze to provide tactile feedback, and you can even play games to keep

yourself engaged! The app allows you to set goals and track progress, which is

always helpful when you need to build strength over time.

http://www.minnalife.com/products/kgoal

 

Courtesy of Annemarie Evert Lepe, PT DPT
annemarie@miraclept.com
www.miraclept.com

Annemarie Evertt Lepe PTAnnemarie Everett Lepe joined Miracle Physical Therapy in 2014, and is excited and honored to be a part of the clinic’s efforts to bring outstanding care and information to women at all stages of life. She earned her Doctorate of Physical Therapy from UC San Francisco, and brings experience and knowledge of orthopedic physical therapy to her women’s health practice. 

She is currently completing her Certificates of Achievement in Pelvic and Obstetrics Physical Therapy, with the goal of a clinical specialization in women’s health (WCS). Whether she is helping women prepare their pelvis for birth or treating pelvic girdle pain or pelvic floor dysfunction, Annemarie loves to empower her patients through education and develop a relationship that lasts beyond their plan of care.

Outside of the clinic, Annemarie is an avid yoga and Pilates student and enjoys spending her weekends exploring the Bay Area with her husband.

Prenatal Perineal health and wellness with Annemarie Everett Lepe, PT, DPT

ASK the EXPERT  – Annemarie Everett Lepe; Specializing in Pelvic awareness

PRENATAL: Perineal stretching and injury/tear prevention

Stretching Where?  

Annemarie:” When I suggest perineal massage for my clients as they enter the later stages of

pregnancy, I get a lot of puzzled looks. While a common practice in other cultures for

women preparing for vaginal birth, the technique is still gaining traction in the

United States.

The principle of perineal massage is simple: gradually teach the perineum (the

muscle spanning between the vagina and anus, between the sit bones) to stretch

and accommodate a baby’s birth with greater ease. As the day of your baby’s birth

approaches, your perineal tissues will naturally become softer along with the cervix.

For this reason, some practitioners may not believe that perineal “stretching” is

necessary. However, these sensations are new to first time mothers, and learning

how to relax into the natural opening of the vagina during childbirth and becoming

accustomed to these sensations will help your body react positively during birth.

*Systematic reviews have shown that in first-time mothers, perineal massage

significant reduces the risk of trauma requiring sutures (“tearing”), and decreases

the incidence of episiotomies. Even for second-time mothers, perineal massage

showed a correlation with reduced postpartum perineal pain.

For most women, starting perineal massage around 34 weeks of pregnancy is

appropriate. However, women with a history of pelvic pain, or pain with intercourse

or speculum exams, may want to begin earlier. In my practice, I frequently teach

women and their partners how to perform perineal preparation techniques at

home; I also see many women for weekly appointments in clinic if they are unable to

do it at home. Our clinic (Miracle Physical Therapy) is a great resource if you are

looking for more information. Tutorials for perineal massage exist online – as with

all information online, it is always best to check with your care team before

proceeding.

We always recommend discussing perineal massage with your OB-GYN or midwife

to ensure that all members of your care team are on board with your plans. If you

are having vaginal bleeding, your bag of waters is open, or you have been put on

pelvic rest, do not perform perineal massage.”

 

*Beckmann MM, Stock OM. Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal

trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005123.

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005123.pub3.

 

Courtesy of Annemarie Evert Lepe, PT DPT
annemarie@miraclept.com
www.miraclept.com

Annemarie Evertt Lepe PTAnnemarie Everett Lepe joined Miracle Physical Therapy in 2014, and is excited and honored to be a part of the clinic’s efforts to bring outstanding care and information to women at all stages of life. She earned her Doctorate of Physical Therapy from UC San Francisco, and brings experience and knowledge of orthopedic physical therapy to her women’s health practice. 

She is currently completing her Certificates of Achievement in Pelvic and Obstetrics Physical Therapy, with the goal of a clinical specialization in women’s health (WCS). Whether she is helping women prepare their pelvis for birth or treating pelvic girdle pain or pelvic floor dysfunction, Annemarie loves to empower her patients through education and develop a relationship that lasts beyond their plan of care.

Outside of the clinic, Annemarie is an avid yoga and Pilates student and enjoys spending her weekends exploring the Bay Area with her husband.

Montessori what? Waldorf Who?

Here’s a list of the popular education philosophies out there to help you decide which will be the best fit for your child!

Montessori Preschools: developed by physician and educator Maria Montessori, this type of preschool takes a developmental approach to learning which emphasizes creativity, nature, and hands-on learning with gentle guidance provided by the teacher. All teachers must have an early childhood undergraduate or graduate degree and Montessori certification. The goal of the Montessori method is to develop a child’s practical life skills, academic ability, character, and senses.

Waldorf Preschools: based on the teachings of Austrian writer Rudolf Steiner, Waldorf preschools strive to nurture a child’s spirit, soul, and body and to focus on the child’s interests. It involves creative, hands-on group learning with a focus on rhythmic repetition in a supportive environment. This approach strives to generate a strong inner enthusiasm for learning and develop children’s innate abilities and talents. Instruction is teacher-directed, and every teacher must be Waldorf certified.

Reggio Emilia Preschools: based on teachings that formed in Italy, this approach emphasizes exploration and the importance of community and self-expression. Children are taught through projects. art, and activities that are tied in with their own interests. This type of teaching is child-led meaning the teachers don’t directly answer the child’s questions, but rather allows them to figure it out themselves.

Faith-based Preschools: Many preschools are sponsored by churches, synagogues, and other religious organizations. They follow academic based school’s approach adding in their religious take. They may incorporate religious practice and religious ideas into the curriculum.

Academic/Skills-based Preschools: Academic programs stress serious preparation for elementary school, with early reading or formal reading readiness activities, an introduction to pencil-and-paper mathematics, and a general air of studiousness. This type of program is also very structured and sticks to it.

Language Immersion Preschools: This approach is like academic/skills based approach, but  incorporates another language into teaching. Either the school will have one part of the day in English, and the other part of the day in the other language, or they will use both languages at the same time throughout the day. This allows your child to learn a second, or maybe even a third language really quickly. It has also been proven that learning another language increases critical thinking skills, creativity, and flexibility of mind in young children. Students who are learning a foreign language out-score their non-foreign language learning peers in the verbal and, surprisingly to some, the math sections of standardized tests.

Co-op Preschools:  If you want to be directly involved with your child’s school experience, consider a cooperative preschool. Parents will be with their kids on a daily basis and work closely with the teachers. This hands-on experience allows for the parents and children to problem-solve and work together teaching preschoolers how to resolve conflicts and cooperate. This type of preschool does take a lot of time and effort, so make sure that your schedule can work well with it.

 

The World of Binkies

binky1Pacifiers: can’t live with them, can’t live without them. Nowadays, everyone has mixed feelings about giving baby a binky. Several studies have shown that there are many advantages to using a pacifier, while others have shown its negative effects. Read as Carmel Blue breaks down the world of pacifiers, compares the good versus the bad and gives you some tips on how to say bye-bye to the binky.

Introducing Pacifiers and Breastfeedingbinky

Pacifiers should not be introduced for at least the first 4 weeks. If you are a breastfeed baby, it is recommended that you avoid the pacifier until mom’s milk supply is well established, typically 7 weeks. This way, mom has already established a pretty good milk supply and didn’t lose any essential breast stimulation to a pacifier. Studies have shown that babies who take the pacifier tend to detach earlier than those who do not. This is because baby’s innate need to suck is met by something other than a breast.

 

Binky’s Benefits

Binkies are a great strategy for parents who need to soothe a stressed baby, especially when baby has yet to discover his/her fingers. The sucking motion is soothing to newborns and can help them fall asleep. Studies even show that pacifiers might reduce the risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). Researchers are led to believe that pacifiers may keep babies from rolling onto their faces or that it may keep their tongues away from their airways. Best of all, pacifiers are disposable, while thumb sucking can be much harder to stop.

 

Pacifier Cons

Becoming dependent on the pacifier is easy for a child at any age, whether a newborn or toddler. This can result in less sleep for parent’s who have to wake up to replace the binky that has fallen from their infant’s mouth and for long-term pacifier users, usually age 2 or 3, it can cause dental problems such as an overbite and cross bite. In addition, some experts even think pacifiers interfere with speech development since baby is less likely to babble and practice talking. Recent studies have also linked extended pacifier use  with 3 times higher risk for middle ear infections.

 

Goodbye Binkybinky4

There is no age set in stone that states when baby should quit using the pacifier. Doctors recommend letting it go when baby is 6 to 12 months. By stopping pacifier use at this age, you are reducing baby’s risk of ear infection, according to the  American Academy of Pediatrics. Many children however do continue the pacifier habit well into their toddler and even preschool years. At this point though, it is no longer a soothing tool, but a transitional object to help them adapt to new or stressful experiences, such as taking a long car ride or starting a new daycare. If your child shows no sign of surrendering the binky by age 3 or 4, this is where you, as the parents, step in.

 

Greetings from Israel!
Any mom who has been in our moms group knows that I have a thing for pacifiers. I always mention how Carmel was a tri-paci baby, who needed 3 pacifiers at night: one in his mouth and one on each hand.  He would then twiddle the ones in his hands loud enough for us to hear it on the monitor.
As we approached age two we limited paci use more and more till we prepared him for the big boy’s goodbye to baby Binky.  We gave him the choice between1)throw it over board the Blue Gold ferry, 2) tie it to a his stomp rocket and launch it to outerspace, 3) plant it in the garden.
Hoping to grow a binky tree he chose #3. And he never looked back.
This summer visiting a nice shady park in Tel Aviv we stumbled upon the local’s colorful solution:  the paci tree.
Soon in North Beach?

Lots of love to you all, S & C
carmelpacifier1

pacifiertree1

The Secret To A Fussy Baby: Massage

infantmassageResearch has shown that baby massage can help ease teething pains, tummy troubles, boost muscle development, and soothe a fussy baby to sleep. Out of the five senses, touch is the one that is most developed at birth, which is why infant massage has tremendous benefits for supporting baby’s growth and development. Here’s an introduction to the art of baby massage.
Pick a Comfortable Ambiance
Make sure the room is at least 75 degrees Fahrenheit so baby doesn’t catch a chill, dim the lights, and play some relaxing music. You can massage baby on your bed, on their changing table, even on your couch. Just remember to put a towel underneath to avoid oil stains.
Unscented Massage Oils Are Best
If you’re going to use an oil so your hand glides more easily over baby’s body, we recommend going with something unscented and vegetable/fruit based. Good oil options are olive, grape seed, coconut, and avocado to name a few. These oils are easily absorbed into baby’s skin. We recommend staying away from nut oils because of potential allergies and mineral oil because they can clog pores. Here’s one of our favorite.
Read Your Baby’s Cues
Not all babies like being massaged all the time, they have to be in the mood. If as soon as you lay your hands on them they start to cry, save the massage session for a later time. And not every session needs to include a full-body massage. If your baby decides he’s had enough after you massaged his feet and legs, that’s fine as well.
The Importance of Baby Massage
What matters is that you try to turn baby massage into a daily routine. It sets aside a special time where you can bond with baby one-on-one and help them find their inner-zen, as well as yours. This is also a great opportunity for dads to get hands-on care time with baby, especially if they work and baby is breastfed. The important thing to remember, whether it be mom or dad, is that the warmth and stroke of your hands on baby releases a feel-good hormone that instantly soothes and helps them develop mentally, socially, and physically.
Don’t Miss Our Baby Massage Class on June 28th! Sign Up Hereinfant-massage-foot-
In this two hour class you will:
-Learn how to give your baby a basic full-body massage
– Learn protocols to relieve gas, constipation, colic and stress
– Learn songs and rhymes to accompany massage
– Learn through massage how to nourish your child’s well-being, enhancing brain development and emotional and physical health
– Bond with your baby
– Build confidence in caring for your child

Baby’s Summer Safety Checklist

Summer-Safety-Guide-for-BabiesThe sun’s out, the pool is glimmering, the barbecue’s a sizzling, but before you and baby enjoy it all, here is a quick checklist for summertime safety.

– No Sun for Baby. Babies under 6 months should never be exposed to direct rays. Pull out the sunhats, stroller umbrellas, and anything else that creates lots of shade. And don’t forget about the sunscreen! Here’s our favorite.
– Caution in Water. Keep children under 4 years within arms reach when in a pool. Once your child is 4, you can enroll him/her in a swim class for water survival skills. We strongly recommend taking a CPR class as well. Next class is July 20th
Hot Surfaces. Before you let your little one roam free at a playground, make sure there is no metal equipment (especially slides) that can heat up under the sun. Burned bums aren’t fun!
Beware of Bees. Keep your distance from areas that attract bees and other bugs, such as open foods and gardens. Also avoid putting on fragrances and wearing floral-patterned clothing.
Keep em’ Cool. Heat exhaustion is a major concern as temperatures rise. Symptoms include extreme thirst, muscle cramping, and fatigue. If you notice heat illness, spray them with cold water, fan them, and get them in the shade.

5 Easy Tips to Protect Yourself from Everyday Radiation

radiationSince everyone is hooked up to cell phone, ipads and wifi every day all day, We do get asked a lot about whether it affects baby or not, and to be honest from reading the research I still can not tell one way or another.  This is where I refer to your own “parental common sense”.  I do get a lot of customers from Europe and Asia looking for the shielding blanket so I wanted to mention it in our products and also list easy ways to lessen your and your family’s exposure.

1. DISTANCE – Keep your cell phone, computer and other electronics from being in direct contact with your body. (Read the fine print that comes with your cell phone – most manufacturers direct you to always keep 1/2 – 1-inch between yourself and your phone.) You can do this by:

  • Using earphones and speaker phones (but be sure to keep the phone away from your pregnant belly as well).
  • Don’t place laptops or tablet computers directly on your body, especially your pregnant belly – and if you must, then use a pillow between the device and your body.
  • Don’t carry your cell phone right next to your body – carry it in your bag instead. If you don’t have a bag and must put it in your pocket, face the front to your body so the radiation is directed away from you or turn it to airplane mode.
  • Text instead of calling, but be sure to keep your phone away from your pregnant belly.
  • Don’t sleep with your phone under your pillow or close to you on the night stand.

2. AIRPLANE MODE – Turning your device to airplane mode turns off the cellular and wireless signals. If your child must use a cell phone or tablet computer, switch it to airplane mode. Any time you don’t need your device to be on (especially if you are carrying it next to your body), turn it to  airplane mode (this will also save battery life).

3. LIMIT TIME – When possible, limit your time using your cell phone and other devices. Use a corded landline for long calls.

4. BUY SMART – Not all cell phones are created equal. The radiation emitted varies significantly between them. Cell phone manufacturers are required by law to list a measure known as the SAR (specific absorption rate) of the phone, which is a measure of the radiation absorbed by the user. CNET, Environmental Working Group, and others keep up-to-date compilations of the best and worst phones for radiation emission and can be found by searching for “cell phone SAR ratings”.  However, regardless of the SAR, avoid using cell phones directly next to the body.

5. SHIELDING – Shielding is a safe and convenient way to reduce radiation exposure while you are using radiation emitting devices, as well as helping to reduce ambient radiation from cell phone towers and wireless networks. Reducing this exposure is especially important during times of high risk – pregnancy, early childhood, and even while trying to conceive.

Is Your Baby Now A Toddler?

Here are the 5 Signs :

1. Mobility
Your baby is now more mobile and with mobility comes bruises from all the falls and tumbles they take with their steps toward independence.
2. Communication
Baby is now babbling with greater diversity, making new sound combinations and intonations. You may also notice baby trying to imitate your speech, putting consonants and vowels together.
3. Surprising Behaviors
Your baby is now doing things like hiding your keys, phone, and remotes. Or refusing food, biting, and other behaviors you have never experienced with them before.
4. Whining
You will notice that your baby’s cry is now less frequent and more specific. Let’s not forget louder. Welcome to the world of whining!
5. More Assertive
Now that baby can move, they are able to get the things they want, but previously couldn’t get to. This makes them more assertive in claiming “mine”.